Sunday, May 17, 2020

Poes The Raven With Explanations for ESL Learners

The Raven  by Edgar Allan Poe is a classic American poem. Its  quite popular to read this poem around Halloween, but its a glorious one  to read aloud at any time of year, with a compelling rhythm and fantastic story that will send shivers up your spine. This version of The Raven defines the more challenging words after each section of the poem. The  poem can be read on many levels; on your first reading you may want to try to understand the literal meaning of the poem, rather than getting bogged down in symbolism or trying to define every individual word. For more on The Raven, you may want to check out these questions for discussion. Read on if you dare!   The Raven by Edgar Allan Poe Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary,Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore -While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping,As of some one gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door.Tis some visitor, I muttered, tapping at my chamber door -Only this and nothing more. pondered thoughtlore storyrapping knockingmuttered said Ah, distinctly I remember it was in the bleak December,And each separate dying ember wrought its ghost upon the floor.Eagerly I wished the morrow; -vainly I had sought to borrowFrom my books surcease of sorrow -sorrow for the lost Lenore -For the rare and radiant maiden whom the angels name Lenore -Nameless here for evermore. bleak sad, black and coldember burning piece of wood glowing orangewrought presentedmorrow the next daymaiden woman, girl And the silken sad uncertain rustling of each purple curtainThrilled me -filled me with fantastic terrors never felt before;So that now, to still the beating of my heart, I stood repeating,Tis some visitor entreating entrance at my chamber door -Some late visitor entreating entrance at my chamber door;This it is and nothing more. rustling movement that makes noiseentreating asking for Presently my soul grew stronger; hesitating then no longer,Sir, I said, or Madam, truly your forgiveness I implore;But the fact is I was napping, and so gently you came rapping,And so faintly you came tapping, tapping at my chamber door,That I scarce was sure I heard you -here I opened wide the door; -Darkness there and nothing more. implore ask forscarce hardly Deep into that darkness peering, long I stood there wondering, fearing,Doubting, dreaming dreams no mortal ever dared to dream before;But the silence was unbroken, and the stillness gave no token,And the only word there spoken was the whispered word Lenore!This I whispered, and an echo murmured back the word Lenore -Merely this and nothing more. peering looking intogave no token gave no sign Back into the chamber turning, all my soul within me burning,Soon again I heard a tapping something louder than before.Surely, said I, surely that is something at my window lattice;Let me see, then, what threat is, and this mystery explore -Let my heart be still a moment and this mystery explore; -Tis the wind and nothing more! window lattice frame around the window Open here I flung a shutter, when, with many a flirt and flutter,In there stepped a stately Raven of the saintly days of yore.Not the least obeisance made he; not an minute stopped or stayed he;But, with mien of lord or lady, perched above my chamber door -Perched upon a bust of Pallas just above my chamber door -Perched and sat and nothing more. flung threw openflutter movement of wings, noisestately magnificentobeisance gesture of deference, respectmien manner ofperched how a bird sits Then this ebony bird beguiling my sad fancy into smiling,By the grave and stern decorum of the countenance it wore,Though thy crest be shorn and shaven, thou, I said, art sure no craven,Ghastly grim and ancient Raven wandering from the Nightly shore -Tell me what thy lordly name is on the Nights Plutonian shore!Quoth the Raven, Nevermore! beguiling charmingcountenance bearing, mannercrest headthou old English for youart arecraven cowardly, mean-spiritedthy old English for your Much I marvelled this ungainly fowl to hear discourse so plainly,Though its answer little meaning -little relevancy bore;For we cannot help agreeing that no living human beingEver yet was blest with seeing bird above his chamber door -Bird or beast upon the sculptured bust above his chamber door,With such a name as Nevermore. marvelled was surprisedungainly uglyfowl birddiscourse speechbore contained, had But the Raven, sitting lonely on the placid bust, spoke onlyThat one word, as if his soul in that one word he did outpour.Nothing farther then he uttered; not a feather then he fluttered -Till I scarcely more than muttered: Other friends have flown before- On the morrow he will leave me as my Hopes have flown before.Then the bird said Nevermore. placid peacefuluttered said Startled at the stilless broken by reply so aptly spoken,Doubtless, said I what it utters is its only stock and store,Caught from some unhappy master whom unmerciful DisasterFollowed fast and followed faster till his songs one burden bore -Till the dirges of his Hope that melancholy burden boreOf Never -nevermore. aptly wellstock and store repeated phrasedirges sad songs But the Raven still beguiling all my sad soul into smiling,Straight I wheeled a cushioned seat in front of bird, and bust, and door;Then, upon the velvet sinking, I betook myself to linkingFancy unto fancy, thinking what this ominous bird of yore -What this grim, ungainly, ghastly, gaunt, and ominous bird of yoreMeant in croaking Nevermore. betook moved myselffancy here used as noun meaning imagined story, thoughtyore from the pastcroaking the sound a frog makes, usually a very ugly sound coming from the throat This I sat engaged in guessing, but no syllable expressingTo the fowl whose fiery eyes now burned into my bosoms core;This and more I sat divining, with my head at ease recliningOn the cushions velvet lining that the lamp-light gloated oer,But whose velvet violet lining with the lamp-light gloating oerShe shall press, ah, nevermore! bosom chest, heartdivinig guessing Then, methought, the air grew denser, perfumed from an unseen censerSwung by Seraphim whose foot-falls tinkled on the tufted floor.Wretch, I cried thy God hath lent thee -by these angels he hath sent theeRespite -respite and nepenthe from thy memories of Lenore!Quaff, oh quaff this kind nepenthe and forget this lost Lenore!Quoth the Raven, Nevermore. methought old English for I thoughtcenser a container for burning incensewretch horrible personhath old English for hasthee old English for yourespite rest fromnepenthe a drug providing a way of forgetting somethingquaff drink quickly or recklesslyQuoth quoted Prophet! said I thing of evil! -prophet still, if bird or devil! -Whether Tempter sent, or whether tempest tossed thee here ashore,Desolate, yet all undaunted, on this desert land enchanted -On this home by horror haunted, -tell me truly, I implore -Is there -is there balm in Gilead? -tell me -tell me, I implore!Quoth the Raven, Nevermore. Tempter Satantempest stormbalm liquid that eases painGilead biblical reference Be that word our sign of parting, bird or fiend! I shrieked, upstarting -Get thee back into the tempest and the Nights Plutonian shore!Leave no black plume as a token of that lie thy soul hath spoken!Leave my loneliness unbroken! -quit the bust above my door!Take thy beak from out my heart, and take thy form from off my door!Quoth the Raven, Nevermore. parting separation, leavingfiend monstershrieked shouted, screamedplume type of featherquit leave And the Raven, never flitting, still is sitting, still is sittingOn the pallid bust of Pallas just above my chamber door;And his eyes have all the seeming of a demons that is dreaming,And the lamp-light oer him streaming throws his shadow on the floor;And my soul from out that shadow that is floating on the floorShall be lifted -nevermore. flitting movingpallid pale

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Mental Illness Of Prison And Jail - 1053 Words

Mental illness is a very serious situation considering that many jails have more ill people that any hospital. Prisons are not set up for ill people. But they pick the mental ill people form the streets do to the fact they can not support them self. The main goal for this institution is to help out the mentally ill. Some inmate’s target the weak, and the inmates that need help would become easy prey. If an inmate even looks at an ill person it is a clear target that can easily be harmfully harassed. I am against mental ill inmates being in prison and jail considering that they can not defend them self. For some passions is even worse do to the fact they don’t have any type of memory of their crime that they have done. Prisons are not really set up for ill people. More the half the prison population is of inmates with some type of illness. It is a sad reality that many don’t see. In every county jail there are more mentally ill then in a hospital. There has been many criminalization’s with the mentally ill. No one should be punished for having an illness instead they should be cured like any other person in need. Jail is not the answer in this situation dealing with someone that can not control their actions. Being in jail psychotic it’s a leaving hell. This is not an easy situation considering that the majority can not handle it. People with mental illness should be more kept watched at then the usual. Theirs a huge level in need that no one can turn their back toShow MoreRelatedThe Community Mental Health Centers Act Of 1963 Closed State Psychiatric Ho spitals1191 Words   |  5 PagesMany years ago, mental illness was viewed as a demonic possession or a religious punishment. In the 18th century, the attitudes towards mental illness were negative and persistent. This negativity leads to the stigmatization and confinement of those who were mentally ill. 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Ethical Issues in Marketing Field

Question: Discuss about theEthical Issues in Marketing Field. Answer: Introduction: Ethical issues or concerns in marketing are majorly the problems that come up as a result of conflicts and lack of agreement on marketing issues. This is because, the partners involved have set aside a number of expectations on how the relationship of the business is suppose to take shape and how key transactions is to be conducted. According to the marketing field is a huge one, where monopoly cannot easily find space unless there are violations of ethical issues within the subject fields. It is the code of ethics in business that acts as guiding policies to every individual or partner within the marketing arena. According to most of the academic articles and research in respect to the subject, what is clear is that, the field of marketing has for long time experienced resurgence with the immense use of internet services and other popularity of the social media. The main idea behind this purpose is on the ease of companies to connect directly with other liable customers. This has changed in the recent past, since a number of companies conduct their market research with no regard to ethical concerns but for their own personal gains (CARRIGAN, MARINOVA SZMIGIN 2005). Companies end up bringing unfavorable competition and at some point leads to even infringement of consumers rights. Ethical Issues Delivery Channel as an Ethical Issue Most of the ethical issues have been noted to either violate the business ethics or contravenes the marketing field. The first ethical concern or issue is on the delivery channels. It is an issue because most of the business partners or operators have always opted for direct marketing which in most cases is very controversial especially when the approaches that are included are unsolicited. According to (Kimmel 2007) some of the common examples include television and telephonic commercials as well as mails that are direct. Deceptive Policies in Marketing and Ethics Other than the already mentioned, other ethical concerns are also on the deceptive marketing policies that are not bounded by specific limit or to one market of target. This in most cases may go unseen if the public is not keen or even careful. There are a number of ways in which deceptive policies in marketing can be presented. One of the most common one is on the use of humor. The main purpose of the subject in the previous sentence is because; it offers a loop hole for escaping from various types of human constraints. This in a number of cases makes some advertisers to take advantage and offer advertising methods that are deceptive and misleading for a product that can either cause harm or even alleviate the constraint through the usage of humor. Ethical Issue on Pricing This is another ethical concern that a number of business companies do violate and ends up looting huge sums of money from the consumers pockets. This is usually considered unethical and business operators have always been warned to desist from such acts or they face heavy penalties. There are various forms of unethical business practices that are normally related to this kind of practice. The first form includes big rigging. This is a type of fraud in the field of marketing where a commercial contract is given as a promise to one party, however, for the sake of imagery; other unrelated partners are also invited in the bid to offer their presence. The second form is of predatory pricing. A practice where a certain company or business operator intends to monopolize the marketing world, and in so doing offers its products at a negligible price and locks competitors out of the market door. The last one is on two competing business companies coming into a consensus without regarding the concept of the consumers and they raise the prices of their respective commodities. This is mainly rampant with those companies that produce similar products and the entire consumers are depending on them to satisfy their needs. It is a type of marketing issue that has been greatly experienced in Australia and the Australian citizens have greatly felt its impact, which goes with no doubt, is negative and very unbearable. A Pyramid Scheme This is also another ethical issue that a number of business companies has been using across the globe and easily accessing customers may playing with the psychology of everyone. In most cases, it considered as an anti- competitive process in accordance to (WINSTANLEY WOODALL 1999), this is because it may not easily be sustained in the marketing field. This kind of ethical issue promises its customers payment or good services majorly for undertaking the enrollment of other people into the scheme. If any research is done pertaining the business dealings, it is realized that in real sense, it does not supply any investment that is real or even engaging into the selling of products to the general public. This kind of unethical business practice will always demand that the initial investor enrolls other people for a free cost to them who will again engage in the enrolment of other people to be paid by the company. Ethical Dilemmas in the Marketing Field Nevertheless, with the rise of marketing content, advertisers and marketers who are considered as brand have found best opportunities that allow them to reach other people and engage their customers often. Although this has always been considered to be a score, to both parties, it has also been subjected to a number of marketing changes in the marketing field. It is these challenges that can also be referred to as dilemmas by some team of scholars (MCLEAN YODER 2005). They include issues like spamming. Spamming generally refers to the over promotion of messages that are unsolicited which in my view and that of many other intellect is seen as unethical going by the look in which the messages are normally disseminated or broadcasted. This is because of the cluttering up of opportunities for more useful information by the unwanted messages. The other ethical dilemma, is on distortions and dishonesty, this is usually experienced at the core of social media where the intentions are expected to be transparent with respect to communication. Untruthful or comments that may be termed as derogative can contribute to the jeopardy of the long term reputation of a company that has got a number of messages which are not controllable. Two Companies in Australia who has had Issues Regarding the way they do their Business in reference to Four Australian Articles that are in cooperated in the Australian Newspaper Australia as a whole has had issues of marketing ethics. Two companies of Australia were caught on the lime light on ethical concerns especially that of pricing as previously addressed. The subject companies were mainly dairy giants, that is, Murray Goulburn Company and Fonterra Company. They were debated by four media articles in the Australian newspaper to have played a very dangerous game of chicken by raising the price of milk higher than the required by the Australian Marketing policy. The articles were mainly, The Australian Conversation, The Australian Business Review, The Weekend Australian and The Australian Newsletter (Australia Eggleston 2010). It is also said that the two companies ought to have even considered the existence of global dairy market volatility, a point that both the companies overlooked. This is supported by the link provided in respect to the academic articles, Both the companies tried their level best in convincing the general public by leveling allegations against each other but each one of them was found to be at fault for racing to the bottom. It is argued that although the companies are located in Australia, they are having members across the globe, for example, Fonterra Company is having most of its members in New Zealand and it is the largest dairy exporter in the world (Australia Eggleston 2011). The two subject companies had a head to head competition for their own benefit or for the purpose of monopolizing the marketing field not realizing the damage that they were causing. They ended up affecting negatively the producers like the dairy farmers since purchase of dairy meals also went high when the price of milk shot up. The people who were largely affected were the consumers who at all cost had to look for ways of buying milk even if the price was unbearable. (Other than the in text citation made and the link provided in respect to the Australian Newspaper that contained four Australian articles as provided, the references can also be found in the referencing list in the last page). The Aspect of Marketing Where the Subject Companies had Issues and also discussed by Four Australian Media Articles with respect to the Australian Newspaper The main aspect of marketing ethics in which the mentioned companies had issues, was on pricing. The subject media articles confirmed that both the companies played a major role in raising the price of milk without regarding the interest of other key players like the producers or manufacturers, consumers and even world marketing organizations. When the two subject companies raised the milk price although performing better, there was much uproar in the air. They were even blamed for disregarding the existence of the global dairy trade as mentioned in the previous paragraph. This shows that the step that both Murray Goulburn and Fonterra Company took was unethical. Conclusion Ethical issues in the marketing field have been common both in the recent past and even to date. This is due to lack of concern that business operators and companies or organizations have at the expense their own good as noted in the above detailed discussion. A number of issues addressed are not only common to companies in Australia but across the globe. Therefore, business companies should adopt guiding policies that will safeguard the business code of ethics to offer a fair ground of competition and even to other key players like consumers, producers and even manufacturers. References Australia., Eggleston, A. (2010). Milking it for all it's worth: Competition and pricing in the Australian dairy industry. Canberra: Senate Economics References Committee. Australia., Eggleston, A. (2011). The impacts of supermarket price decisions on the dairy industry: Second interim report. Canberra: Economics References Committee. Carrigan, M., Marinova, S. T., Szmigin, I. (2005). Ethics and international marketing: research background and challenges. Bradford, England, Emerald Group Pub. Kimmel, A. J. (2007). Ethical issues in behavioral research: Basic and applied perspectives. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Pub. Mclean, D. J., Yoder, D. G. (2005). Issues in recreation and leisure: ethical decision making. Champaign, Ill, Human Kinetics. Winstanley, D., Woodall, J. (1999). Ethical issues in contemporary human resource management. New York, St. Martin's Press.